Every enterprise has to file regulatory reports with both Federal and state agencies. Managerial reports are necessary for internal control and decision making, and financial reports are necessary for investors and creditors such as financial institutions. Financial, managerial, and regulatory reports should be reconciled to ensure that the differences between information reported externally and internally, and vice versa, are fully understood.

The reporting burden on enterprises and their associated business and legal entities is significant.

An enterprise consists of one or more business entities for which management has to keep accounts and report financial condition and performance to regulators such as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the equivalent state revenue agencies. Those enterprises that have employees must report payroll information to the IRS, the Social Security Administration, and state revenue and unemployment agencies. Those enterprises that sell securities must report financial condition and performance to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Reports may also have to be filed with the United States Immigration and Citizenship Services, the United States Department of Labor, the United States Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, and various other Federal and state agencies. Counties and municipalities may require reports too. Those enterprises doing business outside the United States may have to file reports to foreign governments. Taxes, duties, and fees are paid either with the report filings, or separately, depending on regulatory requirements. If paid separately, the payments have to be reconciled to the report filings. Legal entities may have to report financial condition and performance to regulators such as state corporation agencies.

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